Newcastle United football club (The Magpies)

Founded: 1881
Manager: Eddie Howe
Address: St James' Park

Newcastle United origins are attributed to two clubs - Newcastle East End and Newcastle West End - in the early 1880s at the time of vast industrial expansion on Victoria Tyneside.

In the early 20th century, the Magpies enjoyed a period of dominance.

Inspired by the goals of Bill Appleyard and Albert Shepherd, they won three out of the four league titles between 1905 and 1909 as well as the FA Cup in 1910.

Newcastle have gone on to win six FA Cups in total, most recently in 1955.

After they became English league champions for the fourth and most recent time in 1927, the Magpies would have to endure a sustained period without success in the league.

Under the ownership of north-east property developer Sir John Hall and stewardship of former crowd favourite Kevin Keegan in the 1990s, Newcastle mounted two serious challenges for the Premier League crown.

Despite being 12 points clear at Christmas during the 1995-96 season, the club were beaten to the championship by Manchester United.

In the summer of 1996, Newcastle broke the world transfer record when they signed Alan Shearer for ?15 million from Blackburn Rovers.

Donning the famous Newcastle number nine shirt, the local hero went on to net a club record of 206 goals.

Sir Bobby Robson returned to his native Tyneside to enjoy a successful spell as manager between 1999 and 2004. The former England manager led the Toon in to the UEFA Champions League.

Sports Direct founder Mike Ashley seemingly saved the club from financial ruin with his 134 million pound takeover in 2007.

Unfortunately, success on the field has not followed (their last major trophy remains as the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup in 1969) as his period of Tyne tenure has been dogged by controversy and ill-feeling.

They were relegated from the Premier league for a second time in 2016.

Home ground history:

South Byker - 1881

Chillingham Road - 1886

St James? Park - 1892

Renamed: @ St James' Park Stadium - 2009 to 2011

Sports Direct Arena - 2011 to 2012

Newcastle United all-time totals

Games won: 2309
Games drawn: 1271
Games lost: 1950
Goals for: 8704
Goals against: 7684
Average goals for: 1.57
Average goals against: 1.39

Venue: St James' Park